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LSA-4 Porphyry group of armoured Tetrarchs. From Constantinople (now Venice). 293-305.

City: Constantinople Province: Constantinople Region: Constantinople
Details: Philadelphion
Current Location: Venice, S. Marco
Object: Other Material: Porphyry Re-Use? No
Clothing: armour; cloak, chlamys; footwear, open, strapped shoes; headgear, military cap; other; tunic, sleeved Hairstyle: Short-cropped Height(cm): 136
Attributes: belt; fibula; sword Beard: Bearded, stubble
Honorand: Diocletian, Maximian, Galerius, Constantius I Position: Emperors Gender: Male
Awarder: Position:
Earliest: 285 Latest: 305
Delbrueck, R., Antike Porphyrwerke. Studien zur spätantiken Kunstgeschichte, vol. 6, Berlin 1932, 84-91, pls.32,33b, and 34c-d, figs. 31-33

Calza, R., Iconografia Romana Imperiale. Da Carausio a Giuliano (287-363 d. C.), Rome 1972, 98 nos. 7, 8, 28, 47 pls. 11. 27-29; 22.55-56; 28.75; 32.89-90; 45.133

Verzone, P. 'I due gruppi in porfido di S,Marco in Venezia ed il Philadelphion
di Costantinopoli'
Palladio 1
, Rome 1958
, 8-14

Bauer, F. A., Stadt, Platz und Denkmal in der Spätantike, Mainz 1996, 228-233 (Philadelphion)

Laubscher, H.-P., 'Beobachtungen zu tetrarchischen Kaiserbildnissen aus Porphyr', Jahrbuch des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts 114, Berlin 1999, 207-239, figs. 8-9